About

BACKGROUNDS is a MED project that aims at developing a governance model involving ports and port infrastructures within the Mediterranean basin and targeting a better integration of existing poles (small and medium hubs as well as larger ones) with their own territories and the relevant productive clusters. This would lead to an appreciation of local peculiarities within the general framework of the global market. The project aims at providing efficient tools to face functional, operational and organizational problems related to the traffic of goods and passengers in port regions. These instruments should reduce roads congestions through the implementation of a common communication protocol.

The project involves a group of regions perfectly representing different peculiarities of the Mediterranean area as well as different goods flows. In particular, the activities will be implemented in Northern and Southern Italy (Liguria and Sicily), in the Southern Balkans (Thessaloniki, Patras), in Central Western Spain (Valencian Community), in France (Marseille) and in the Northern Adriatic basin (Slovenia). An intermodal network model will be tested in the involved regions, as well as a model linking these areas to the inland territories through the involvement of regional, municipal and port authorities.

General objectives:

  • The project aims at improving the capacities and intervention strategies of regional authorities in charge of managing maritime transports from an integration point of view so as to improve the local productive systems.
  • In particular, an inter-modal network model will be developed, so as to involve local stakeholders and structures in the achievement of a sustainable inter-modality both for the environment and local economy.
  • Furthermore, Background project will reduce roads and highways congestion, exploiting the opportunities of local productive systems within the globalized traffic.
  • In the framework of the BACKGROUNDS project, the current GIS Application tool was developed. This tool, that addresses to a series of stakeholders from regional decision makers, port operators, consignees, local producers, shipping agencies, transporters and forwarders to the wider public, visualizes the existing road/ rail and maritime network in the background area, provides freight and passenger traffic data from the background ports and trade data from the catchment areas of the background ports. Furthermore, the tool offers the opportunity to evaluate the optimum routes (in terms of cost) and to create forecasts and scenarios for the assessment of potential new sea routes throughout the backgrounds basin.

    The GIS tool provides all the previous abilities through its 4 services:

    The Maritime Services

  • The service provides information on the available maritime routes from the Backgrounds Ports to all ports included in the maritime routes that have as a node point one of the Backgrounds Ports. The service also provides information on key characteristics of the routes (distance of the route, trip frequency, total trip time, shipping company that operates it).
  • The Freight/Passengers O/D matrices

  • The service provides data concerning passenger and cargo traffic from/to the Backgrounds Ports to/from all Backgrounds countries and optionally to/from all MED countries. The data regards the period from 2005 to 2008 and there is an extra functionality through this service that informs the users with the top 5 imports/exports (‘winners’) in the area.
  • Port Catchment Area's Trade

  • The third service provides information on cargo (in SITC1 categorization) imported / exported by the Catchments areas’ of the Backgrounds Ports from/to all Backgrounds countries and optionally from/to all MED countries.
  • Macro Corridors

  • The fourth service of the GIS tool provides information on key macro corridors (modal and intermodal) identified in the framework of the project. The service also integrates multiple costing factors on whose the routing is based on..

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    Projet cofinancé par le Fonds Européen de Développement Régional

    Project cofinanced by the European Regional Development Fund